Gum Arabic as novel anti-oxidant agent in sickle cell anemia, phase II trial.

Kaddam, Lamis and Fadl-Elmula, Imad and Eisawi, Omer Ali and Abdelrazig, Haydar Awad and Salih, Mohammed Abdelraman and Lang, Florian and Saeed, Amal M (2017) Gum Arabic as novel anti-oxidant agent in sickle cell anemia, phase II trial. BMC hematology, 17. p. 4. ISSN 2052-1839

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BACKGROUND Sickle cell anemia patients suffer from oxidative stress due to chronic inflammation and self-oxidation of sickle hemoglobin (Hb S). Chronic oxidative stress contributes to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and multiple organ damage in sickle cell disease (SCD). Thus, antioxidant medication may favorably influence the disease. Gum Arabic (GA), edible, dried, gummy exudates from Acacia Senegal tree, has been claimed to act as an anti-oxidant and cytoprotective agent, protecting against experimental hepatic, renal and cardiac toxicities in rats. We hypothesized that regular intake of GA increases anti-oxidant capacity and reduce oxidative stress. METHODS Forty-seven patients (5-42 years) carrying hemoglobin SS were recruited. Patients received 30 g/day GA for 12 weeks. Total anti-oxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels were measured by spectrophotometric methods before and after GA intake. Complete blood count was measured by sysmex. RESULTS Gum Arabic significantly increased TAC level P < 0.001and decreased the oxidative markers MDA (P < 0.05) and H2O2 (P < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS GA has potent anti- oxidative properties in sickle cell anemia. The anti-oxidant effect of GA may thus favorably influence the clinical condition of this and further diseases characterized by oxidative stress. TRIAL REGISTRATION Identifier: NCT02467257. Registered 3rd June 2015. Retrospective registration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: University of Khartoum > Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > Department of Medicine
Depositing User: Moneeb Hassan
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2018 20:06
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2018 20:06

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