The prevalence and incidence of diabetic foot ulcers among five countries in the Arab world: a systematic review.

Mairghani, M and Elmusharaf, K and Patton, D and Burns, J and Eltahir, O and Jassim, G and Moore, Z (2017) The prevalence and incidence of diabetic foot ulcers among five countries in the Arab world: a systematic review. Journal of wound care, 26 (Sup9). S27-S34. ISSN 0969-0700

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OBJECTIVE There is a rising incidence of diabetes worldwide; however there seems to be a higher incidence and prevalence rates in the Arab world when compared with the global average. 1 Out of the top 10 countries with the highest prevalence rates, six are Arab countries and almost 20.5 million people in that part of the world live with diabetes. Despite this, published scientific research from the 22 Arab countries is limited and seems to be of lower quality when compared with the rest of the developed world. 2 Therefore, our aim was to explore the contribution of the different Arab countries in the world literature, to identify the diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) prevalence and incidence rates and to quality appraise these studies. METHOD A systematic review, following PRISMA guidelines, was undertaken to identify the incidence and prevalence of DFUs in the Arab world. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Embase CINAHL, Web of Science (Scopus), Global Health and EBSCO Results: A total of nine papers were identified. The mean prevalence of DFU in Saudi Arabia was 11.85% (4.7-19%), in Egypt was 4.2% (1-7.4%), in Jordan was 4.65% (4-5.3%), in Bahrain was 5.9% and in Iraq was 2.7%. A single study identified DFU incidence in Saudi Arabia as 1.8% between 2009-2010. CONCLUSION The mean prevalence rates of DFU were highest in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain and lowest in Iraq. Saudi Arabia had the only reported incidence study, thus findings could not be compared to other countries of the Arab world. There were no studies identified during our search reporting prevalence rates of DFU in 17 of the 22 Arab countries. It is clear that further research is required to determine the incidence and prevalance of DFUs in the Arab world and that progress is needed in order to improve the quality of research conducted in those countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Depositing User: Moneeb Hassan
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2018 21:13
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2018 21:13

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